Tell Hamoukar

John Noble Wilford reported recent research findings from Tell Hamoukar in the NY Times on 12/15/2005. A Syrian-American Archaeological Expedition carried out the research. The research has been ongoing since 1999 with a team from the University of Chicago.

According to the article, that reasearch's findings suggest that a great battle took place there 5,500 years ago. The Perigee: Zero hypothesis presents an alternative answer, suggesting that the true nature of the "war" recorded at Tell Hamoukar was the unfortunate arrival of massive waves of ejecta from a cometary impact event to the south..

The term "Tell" has come to typically represent an archeological site that is literally buried in a low, broad hill. The reason for this accumulation is never questioned. Pompeii has a causal Volcano. The theory presents another natural force at work, although the implications at Hamoukar are only anecdotal collateral damage.

The article makes referenced to "frozen context", that is, items or human remains that were frozen in time at the moment of entombment. The hypothesis suggests that is type of discover would indeed be uncovered, as the assault would have been far more of a surprise than the attack by Vesuvius.

Items recovered so far include over 1,300 spherical and oval-shaped fired clay “bullets”.( Figure below) We suggest that these items are expected ejecta emplacement items, and are the materialization of small clay ejecta splatters transported at high velocity from a distant impact site.


Ball Bullets - University of Chicago

Another photo from the latest expedition displays an assortment of "balls" in a pit.

Ball Bullets in pit - University of Chicago

We note the similarity between this collection of debris, and the photo below, which are reported by others to be from an Chicxulub impact crater ejecta deposit. Please reference the Albion Quarry discussion we offer in the geological enigma sections.


Impact Ejecta Cobbles

Our examination of evidence from other sites of human inhabitation suggests that early man chose “standing hill” impact ejecta sites as natural locations for building their cities. In addition, there may have been human witness to the arrival of these landforms, and they perhaps would utilize them as revered sites. The Tell Hamoukar is interpreted by us as being originally built on an ejecta landform, then at a later date, overlaid by a veneer of ejecta that buried the city, it residents, and supplied the clay artifacts identified by researchers as “bullets”. The satellite image of the tell area strongly suggest multiple standing ejecta hills.


Tell Hamoukar, Recent overly in white